Core Scientific Projects
INED is a partner in several of the research projects recently awarded the status of Laboratoire d’Excellence (Labex) and Equipements d’Excellence (Equipex; scientific equipment of excellence) by the French National Research Agency.
These projects, funded by France’s “Investment for the Future” programme, are developing new tools for population science research.
The iPOPs or “Individuals, Populations, Societies” Labex
iPOPs (Individuals, Populations, Societies), the only Labex coordinated by a research organization, in partnership with the four founding universities and the Campus Condorcet, links INED to existing university demography departments. iPOPs aims to occupy a central position in research and training in the population sciences while making its research available to the economic, social and political worlds. The iPOPs doctoral training and research programme focuses on the two themes of “Family dynamics and ageing” and “Social, gender and intergenerational inequalities.” These areas of study quite naturally lend themselves to demographic analysis methods while being highly relevant to the economic and social fields. The iPOPs Labex supports and fuels the major surveys through which population science research is practiced, such as ERFI (Etudes des Relations Familiales et Intergenerationnelles), a French survey part of the European Generations and Gender Program (GGP). Through the iPOPs project, INED is also developing its capacities as a laboratory for doctoral students working on population questions. INED and its partners plan to consolidate ties between the various training institutions, support teacher-researcher partnership projects, increase the number of students trained in demography, and broaden employment prospects for trained demographers, notably through partnerships with economic actors.
The OSE or “Ouvrir la Science Economique” (Open up economics) Labex
INED’s economic demography research unit is active in the research section of the OSE Laboratoire d’Excellence coordinated by the Paris School of Economics. This Labex brings together several research centres and teams concerned to “open up economics” to the other social sciences. INED is co-running one of the five theme-based components of OSE, “Inequalities and the public-sector economy.” Each year, three or four workshops are organized around a single main theme for the purpose of assessing existing research and reflecting on how to enlarge its boundaries by way of new approaches, methods, data, etc. INED is co-coordinating two of these workshops, “Geographic and urban inequalities” and “Demographic economics.” The first provides an opportunity for meetings and exchange between European specialists of economic and urban demography—researchers who are geographically scattered—while the second brings together researchers working in economic analysis of demographic themes and issues (fertility, longevity, migration).
The Re-Co-Nai Equipex: a research platform on child cohorts followed from birth
The Re-Co-Nai research platform encompasses two surveys launched in France in 2011 to follow child cohorts from birth:
ELFE (Etude Longitudinale Française de l’Enfance) follows over 18,000 children from their birth in 2011 to the age of 20 years
Epipage 2 (Epidémiologie des Petits Ages Gestationnels) follows over 7,800 prematurely born children up to the age of 12 years.
The ELFE research team hosted by INED—i.e., the unité mixte Ined-Inserm-Etablissement français du sang (EFS) unit—coordinates the Re-Co-Nai platform, which provides access to the mass of related data collected on ELFE and Epipage2 cohorts. These data—sociological, demographic and health-related—are collected through surveys of families and physicians and by means of regularly organised health check-ups and biological sampling. The platform will be enriched in the coming years by other birth cohort studies.
The DIME-SHS Equipex
The DIME-SHS (Data, Infrastructures and Survey Methods in the Human and Social Sciences) Equipement d’Excellence aims to provide France with a new structure for collecting, enriching and diffusing human and social science data. With DIME-SHS, the high quality of the data produced or reused by researchers is ensured by strict methodology. INED is implicated in the quantitative section of this undertaking through the ELIPSS internet panel (Etude Longitudinale par Internet pour les Sciences Humaines et Sociales); the Institute’s survey department is very active in the areas of panel methodology, recruitment and management.