Will AIDS wipe out the population of Africa?

Though AIDS has increased the mortality rate in Africa, there are still many more births than deaths on the continent each year and demographers do not think that the trend will be reversed. The population of Africa is currently 1 billion. The UN projections of 2017 forecast a population of 2.5 billion in 2050. Today, the projected total is 2 billion, provided that existing treatments are made available and the epidemic is brought under control. The populations of some countries, such as South Africa, may decrease temporarily, not only because of the AIDS epidemic but also due to lower fertility (a South African woman has three children on average, compared with five in Africa as a whole). The other countries of southern Africa such as Zimbabwe, Mozambique and Angola are also severely affected and their population growth has slowed down considerably.

Source:UN, World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision. New York: United Nations.