presents her mission as INED’s gender equality supervisor
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presents her mission as INED’s gender equality supervisor
Twenty years after the last international conference on women, held in Beijing in 1995, has women’s overall situation really improved? The “Atlas Mondial des Femmes” brings to light “paradoxes of emancipation” in such diverse areas as education, health, the economy, politics and sexuality. In addition to marked geographical disparities, many advances in the direction of equality are found to be fragile, incomplete or paradoxical.
Christelle Hamel and Mathieu Trachman tell us about the INED study of LGBT ways of life, health and situations of insecurity
tell us about INED’s “ Demography, Gender and Societies” research team
For women and men alike, the working sphere and the private sphere are not entirely separate. There are intrusions in both directions: work encroaches on the domestic sphere and similarly, private life spills over into the workplace. This overlap sometimes leads to better organization but can also be a source of tension.
explains why it is important to analyse gender representations in school textbooks
Quel dialogue possible entre les entreprises et les chercheurs ? L’Ined a noué des partenariats avec des entreprises pour saisir les mécanismes de production des inégalités professionnelles entre femmes et hommes.
The conference was held at INED in December 2017 for the fourth year running; the topic was gender studies today.
In 2009, the taskforce for assessing French national policy for preventing and combating violence against women (Mission d’Evaluation de la Politique de Prévention et de Lutte contre les Violences faites aux Femmes), a body working under the aegis of/a commission of France’s National Assembly, recommended conducting a new survey on violence against women that would modelled be on the national survey on the same issue done in 2000 by the demographic institute of the Université Paris I (ENVEFF)
Defined as “a hierarchically ordered bi-categorization of the sexes (men/women) and the values and representations associated with them (masculine/feminine)” (Bereni et al. 2012), gender is an increasingly high-profile subject in today’s academic world as well as in the media, politics, civil society and community organizations. In this context, it seemed to us that assembling a set of reviews of books on the subject was a good way of illustrating the current state of research on it.
This graph shows the excess mortality of males with respect to females in France over the last 200 years. Excess male mortality is measured as the male/female ratio of the probability of dying at a given age, for different groups of years from the early 19th century to the early 21st century: 1820-1824, 1900-1904, 1950-1954, 1990-1994 and 2000-2004.
This graph presents the age- and sex-specific probabilities of dying during the year in metropolitan France, i.e. the mortality rates for males and females at each age.
This graph is a calculation chart which shows the various options for balancing the French pensions system by 2020. It summarizes the range of different policies that could be implemented. To reach equilibrium, we can act upon one or more of the policy levers.
Ce graphique montre la pyramide des âges de la France en 2003. Deux pyramides sont superposées : à la pyramide de la population de la France s'ajoute le «profil» de la population des 25 pays de l'Union européenne dans son ensemble à la même date, représenté par un trait gris. Cela permet de comparer la structure par sexe et âge des deux populations.
tell us about men’s and women’s participation in household and parenting tasks
Several European Union countries have legalised same-sex marriage or created new forms of civil union open to gays and lesbians. But counting same-sex couples is still a complicated undertaking
tells us about assistance for forced marriage victims
The annual total number of marriages in France in 2014 was higher than the 2013 figure due to same-sex unions. The number of different-sex marriages dropped slightly.
The 2016-3 issue of Population presents and assesses demographic developments in these life events in France in 2014.
Arianna Caporali et Marie Digoix co-éditrices à l’Ined de la base de données LawsAndFamilies répondent à nos questions sur cette base.
Female genital mutilation is practiced on girls in many countries. Some migrant women or daughters of migrants living in France are having to endure the consequences of this practice. Photo : © IRD - Favier, Marie-Noëlle
Research in this field is based on legal approaches or qualitativesociology, but same-sex parenting is still difficult to quantify due to a lack of suitable tools.
China has an exceptionally high sex ratio; with 106 males per 100 females in its population, it in now the world’s most "masculine" country
This study, published in Population (2017-3) and based on the 2011 Families and Housing Survey.
Dans de nombreuses parties du monde, la migration des enfants et des adolescents est devenue un phénomène majeur dans la socialisation des enfants et des jeunes.
Chaque année, plusieurs centaines de milliers d'élèves de Terminale passent le bac. Cette année, ils sont près de 719 000. Le bac, d'épreuve bourgeoise au début du XXe siècle, est devenu un véritable rite de passage national, qui concerne plus des trois quart d'une génération. Pour chaque candidat, il y a un avant et un après. Mais ce n'est pas un rite égalitaire.
By 2050 in China and India, the number of single men seeking to marry is expected to exceed the number of eligible women by over 50%. This suggests the degree of marriage market saturation.
Overview and Current Knowledge
answers our questions about the newest INED publication, Parcours de familles
nous parle des conditions de travail des personnels navigants des compagnies aériennes
Interview with INED researcher Wilfried Rault on a study of gay and lesbian social and geographic mobility
On average, 105 boys are born for every 100 girls. However, in China, India and several other Asian and Caucasian countries, the proportion of newborn boys is abnormally high because couples practice sex-selective abortion.
tell us about the Generations and Gender Programme (GGP)
associated researchers at INED, tell us about the findings of a study on parental care of infant children.
INED’s researcher tells us about the book "A dictionary of conventions"
At age 17, about half of French teenagers have experienced their first sexual intercourse. With a median age of 17.2 for women and of 16.4 for men in 2010, the gap between the sexes has narrowed to just a few months.
Mortality fell considerably in the 20th century in western countries, but the decrease was neither regular nor continuous.
nous présentent une enquête inédite sur les apprentissages d’enfants scolarisés en Moyenne section de maternelles, mise en œuvre par l’Unité Elfe au printemps 2016 dans près de 9 000 écoles
France’s population pyramid for 2010 was shaped by twentieth-century history: a birth deficit during the 1914-1918 war years, the baby boom of 1946-1973, relative birth rate stability for the past 35 years
tells us about INED’s new Old age and Ageing research group [Pôle Vieillesses et Vieillissements]
The geography of ageing in Europe has changed and will continue changing. Following World War II, the oldest population in Europe was in Western Europe and this remained the case into the 1980s
Stéphane Carcillo (OECD, Sciences Po), Claire Guichet (CESE, Paris II, CERSA), Bruno Palier (CNRS and Sciences Po) and Olivier Thévenon (OECD and INED) shared their answers to this question at a round table discussion at INED on May 27, the closing event of the Demographic Economy unit research day on transitions to adulthood. The following is a summary of their remarks.
Longevity, ageing and the situations of older persons are major social, health, quality-of-life and public policy issues in today’s society, issues that require a multi-disciplinary human and social sciences (HHS) approach if we are to grasp how the questions they raise are interrelated.
Isabelle Attané comments on China’s move to end its one-child policy
tells us about intergenerational family co-residency
China, the world’s largest country in terms of population, is now a predominant player on the international economic and geopolitical stage.
presents INED’s economic demography research unit
Seven in ten women breastfeed their babies at the maternity clinic, according to the first findings of the ELFE study, which is following over 18,000 children born in 2011.
present the Longévité et Vieillissements [Longevity and ageing] research cluster
Boys reach puberty at around 15 years—later than girls, who usually begin menstruating around age 13.
INED researcher Léonard Moulin tells us about his doctoral thesis on the effects on higher education students of introducing tuition fees. His work has received several awards, including the 2017 Prix Eicher this January.
In the last 30 years, the average age at which women have their first child has been rising regularly in France, as in most European countries.
present the Health segment of the ELFE cohort study (Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l’Enfance)
tells us about demographic trends in EU Outermost Regions and their effects
tells us about the Fin de Vie en France [End-of-life in France] survey
The ELFE study centres on childhood at this stage, then it is natural to have them communicate directly through computer games, an appropriate medium for their age and generation.
tells us about the effects of the Chinese demographic crisis
In France, first menstruation or "menarche" occurs at around age 13. According to a survey conducted in 1994, half of all girls had already started menstruating at age 13. Most girls (9 out of 10) have their first period between ages 11 and 14.
Though rare fifty years ago, 100th birthdays are now common. Perspectives concerning human longevity
explains what is at issue in the ELFE study (Etude Longitudinale Française depuis l’Enfance)
answers our questions about the organization and results of the Elfe study