Do separation and divorce affect children’s educational achievement in France ?
Population and Societies
n° 379, May 2002
- Parental separation impairs academic success of children
- Family-related education gaps still remain
- What is to blame: divorce or troubles at home?
- Weekend births on the wane
Divorce and end-of-union rates have risen sharply over the past thirty years, and a growing number of children have to cope with parental separation: one non-adult child in four among recent birth cohorts (box 1). Education, too, has changed radically over recent decades; it has been “democratized”—become accessible to all—and the period of compulsory education is now substantially longer. The cohort-specific proportions of students who passed the baccalauréat, the upper secondary school diploma (the university matriculation diploma), more than doubled between 1985 and 1995, from 30% to 63% . How much of a disruptive influence does parental separation have on children’s education, and harm their chances of passing exams?