Two children per woman in France in 2006: are immigrants to blame?
Population and Societies
n° 432, March 2007
Fertility in France reached two children per woman in 2006, close to replacement level. Is this due to the foreign population, as is often claimed? Using new data from the 2004 and 2005 census waves, François Héran and Gilles Pison show otherwise. The impact of foreign women on the national fertility rate is modest (+0.1 children), despite rising fertility among recent arrivals. With or without immigration, French fertility is among the highest in Europe.