Pauline Hervois

PhD
pauline.hervois@ined.fr +33 (0)1 56 06 20 94 +33 (0)1 56 06 20 00
Secretariat : Marie-Danielle Bailly +33(0)1 56 06 20 47

Research field(s)

PhD in Demography

Thesis title: “The nonsense of counting insane populations:
Fabricating the number of the infirm, in France, in the nineteenth century.”

Thesis committee:
Virginie De Luca Barrusse (Adviser, Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne University),
Michel Oris (Geneva University),
Isabelle Renaudet (Aix-Marseille University),
Paul Schor (Paris Diderot University),
Jacques Véron (Ined),


Affiliations: French Institute for Demographic Studies (INED)
Research Center of the Paris 1 Demography Institute (CRIDUP)

Scholarship: Three-year PhD scholarship, labex iPOPs (ANR-10-LABX-0089)



Abstract :
The enumeration of the infirm in France in the 19th century had several objectives: to map their geographical distribution, in order to better understand the causes of these disabilities and to provide suitable facilities (asylums, educational institutions), but also to track trends in view to potentially control and decrease the size of this group. This study addresses the quantification of disability through two data sources: the five-year censuses (1851-1876) and the reports of army recruitment (published from 1818 onwards).
We study how these figures were constructed, from their initial implementation until they started being challenged. To do so, we also explore the place of the disabled in society, and the role of the State in their care. We deal with the interactions between scientists (gathered in learned societies or in conferences to share their research) and various governance bodies (mayors, prefects, ministries). The former studied this population for scientific reasons, while the latter for administrative purposes. Comparing these divergent interests highlights however a common anxiety: that they were observing a degeneration of the population. Because of the regularity of data outputs, time trends, which until then had not been available, could now be constructed. Statisticians and doctors could therefore use these new statistical figures to demonstrate the exaggeration of these fears.

Keywords :
Census; enumeration; disabled; the infirm; 19th century; degeneration; quantification; military recruitment.

Some publications

CONFERENCE PAPERS

26-29 June 19 “Counting the infirm, in France, in the 19th century: census and military statistics, two sources, two ways?”, The 3rd European Society of Historical Demography, Pécs, Hungary.

1 Nov. 17 “An army of idiots, cretins, imbeciles and goiter sufferers? Nominative list of infirmities in France, 1851–1876”, poster session at International Population Conference (IPC2017, IUSSP), Cape Town, South Africa.

28 April 17 “An army of idiots, cretins, imbeciles and goiter sufferers? Impact of military affairs on statistics about the infirm in France (1851–1876)”, poster session at Population Association of America, Chicago, United States.

17 Feb. 17 “Quantifying infirmities in European censuses in the mid-nineteenth century: The influence of the International Statistical Congresses”, Eighth Demographic Conference of Young Demographers, Prague, Czech Republic.

21-24 June 16 “Quantifier les idiots et crétins au XIXème siècle”, poster session at the Association Internationale des Démographes de Langue Française (Aidelf), Strasbourg, France.

19 May 16 “French census, 1851–1876: to quantify infirmities”, IUSSP International Seminar, “Registering and counting the population”, Campinas, Brazil.

10 Dec. 15 “Le vœu des Congrès Internationaux de Statistique : comparer les infirmités apparentes au XIXème siècle”, IIe Colloque Franco-Latino-Américain de recherche sur le Handicap, Santiago, Chile.

10 Sept. 15 “La quantification des infirmités au XIXème siècle : production de chiffres”, Colloque Société de démographie historique “La Fabrique de la Santé” Paris, France.

INVITED TALKS

Jan. 2018 EHESS, Séminaire “Quantifier en Sciences Sociales”, Paris. “La quantification des infirmités en France au XIXe siècle”. Dec. 2018 EHESS, Séminaire jeunes chercheur-euse-s, GT Handicap(s) et Sociétés, Paris. “Des difficultés de dénombrer les infirmes au XIXe siècle : la construction d’un chiffre inédit”. Nov. 2017 AGLOS Project, Histories of quantifications, one-day seminar, Lille. “L’infirmité perçue, observée, examinée : listes nominatives du recensement et listes du tirage du recrutement (1851-1876)”. May 2017 Meeting of the Research Unit “Histoire et Populations”, Paris. March 2016 INED doctoral workship, Paris. Jan. 2016 Meeting of the Research Unit “Histoire et Populations”, Paris. Dec. 2015 CRIDUP doctoral workship, Paris. May 2015 “Les infirmités apparentes dans le recensement français : 1851-1876”, INED doctoral seminar, Paris, France. Jan. 2013 Seminar L3 in Démographie (Idup, Paris 1). “Les alarmistes de la dénatalité, l’Alliance Nationale contre la dépopulation : étude d’une politique nataliste française au XXe siècle, de l’idéologie à la propagande”.

PRESENTATION DANS DES SEMINAIRES DE RECHERCHE ET DES JOURNEES D'ETUDES



Juin 2019 Séminaire Les Lundis de l’Ined, Paris. Titre de la communication à venir.

Avril 2019 Réunion de l’Unité de Recherche « Mortalité, Santé, Epidémiologie. », Ined, Paris. « Identifier l’infirmité dans des sources historiques : les comptes rendus sur le recrutement et les recensement de population, 1851-1876. »

Janv. 2019 EHESS, Séminaire « Quantifier en Sciences Sociales », Paris. « La quantification des infirmités en France au XIXe siècle. »

Déc. 2018 EHESS, GT Handicap(s), Séminaire jeunes chercheur-euse-s Handicap(s) et Sociétés, Paris. « Des difficultés de dénombrer les infirmes au XIXe siècle : la construction d’un chiffre inédit. »

Nov. 2017 Projet AGLOS, Histoires de quantifications, journée d’étude du projet, Lille. « L’infirmité perçue, observée, examinée : listes nominatives du recensement et listes du tirage du recrutement (1851-1876). »

Mai 2017 Réunion de l’Unité de Recherche « Histoire et Populations », Ined, Paris. Mars 2016 Atelier doctoral de l’Ined, Paris.

Janv. 2016 Réunion de l’Unité de Recherche « Histoire et Populations », Ined, Paris.

Déc. 2015 Atelier doctoral du Cridup, Paris.

Mai 2015 Journée doctorale de l’Ined, Ined, Paris. « Les infirmités apparentes dans le recensement français : 1851-1876. »

Janv. 2013 Séminaire L3 de Démographie (Idup, Paris 1). « Les alarmistes de la dénatalité, l’Alliance Nationale contre la dépopulation : étude d’une politique nataliste française au XXe siècle, de l’idéologie à la propagande. »

Teaching activities, other functions, titles

TEACHING


2018-2019 Teaching assistant
Tours-Rabelais University, Department of sociology.

Introduction to sociology, students in sociology.
Introduction to surveys: ethnographic observation, students in history and sociology.


2017-2018 Teaching assistant
Paris 1 Pantheon-Sorbonne Demography Institute

Social anthropology, inequalities, vulnerabilities, students in social sciences.
Population dynamics: social and economic issues, students in social sciences.
Statistics and demography, students in social sciences, students in social sciences.
World population: trends and perspectives, students in social sciences, students in social sciences.
Shared experience on doctoral studies, students in population studies.


2015-2016 Teaching fellow
Evry University, Department of Sociology.

Quantitative techniques applied to the social sciences, students in sociology.