The fertility revolution in Iran.

Population and Societies

373, November 2001

  • Population policy changes
  • Beginning in 1984, a spectacular decline in fertility
  • Marriage postponement is a secondary factor
  • The impact of the government policies


After the turn of the 20th century, according to estimations, the population of Iran was around 10 million. In 1933, it had increased to 34 million and in 1986 to 49 million. by 1996, the iranian population has reached 60 million, a more than six-fold increase within a century. The last three decades of the country’s history have been marked by major political changes, the main being the Islamic Revolution in 1979 and the war with Iraq from 1980 to 1988.

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