Legal information

INED is a Public Scientific and Technical Research Establishment (EPST) administratively attached to both the Ministry of Research and the Ministry of Social Affairs.

INED’s website offers a wide range of resources for a broad audience. It contains information about the Institute, research in progress, our seminars and conferences, and our publications. The All About Population section provides access to statistics produced or analysed by INED. You can also try your hand at some population-related games and quizzes. With educational animations, games, and fact sheets, this section is particularly suitable for school use.

This site is updated on a regular basis.

Please send your comments and questions to the webmaster. You can also use the Contacts section to send a message to a specific department.

Site availability

INED endeavours to provide access to the site 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, except in cases of force majeure, and subject to any breakdowns or maintenance operations required for the proper functioning of the site and services.

Consequently, INED cannot guarantee the availability of the site and/or services. No technical support is provided to the user either electronically or by telephone.

INED accepts no responsibility for any inability to access to the site and/or use the services.

INED may suspend the site or any of the services at any time, without prior notice. The user acknowledges and accepts that INED cannot be held liable for suspensions or for the consequences thereof to the user or any third party.


INED reserves the right to modify and update, without prior notice, these general terms and conditions or any elements, products, or services presented on the site. All such changes are binding on users, who must consult these terms and conditions each time they use the site.

Limitation of liability

Accuracy of the information contained on the site 

INED checks the accuracy of the information published on its site and updates it regularly. However, the Institute cannot guarantee that all the information published and presented on the site is correct, exhaustive, and up-to-date. The information presented on the site is not contractual and can be modified at any time, without prior notice. 

The user is solely responsible for the consultation, selection, use, and interpretation of site content. INED cannot be held liable to the user or to third parties for any direct or indirect damage arising from the use of the information on this site, including resulting from inaccurate or incomplete information. 


The site contains links to external resources for which INED cannot be held responsible. 

The INED website may contain links providing access to other sites, including third-party sites, that may have their own terms of use that should be consulted and respected. 

Intellectual property

This site is the exclusive property of INED and is protected under French and international intellectual property law. Any total or partial reproduction or representation of this site by any means whatsoever, without INED’s express authorization, is prohibited and would constitute an infringement sanctioned by Articles L.335-2 et seq. of the French Intellectual Property Code. 

Except in specific cases, the trademarks and logos displayed on the site are the property of INED. Any total or partial reproduction of these trademarks or logos using elements of the site, without INED’s prior written authorization, is prohibited under Articles L.713-2 and following of the French Intellectual Property Code.

Content protection

All the data on the website are free and freely reusable for scientific research or educational purposes. For any other use, please contact the producer of the data directly to obtain permission. This right is granted for strictly personal, private, and non-collective use.

However, the content, texts (including press releases), videos, images, and animations that appear or are available on the site are protected by intellectual property law and are either the exclusive property of INED or the subject of rights held by INED that are necessary and sufficient within the context of the site’s operation. It is therefore strictly forbidden to copy, translate, reproduce, sell, publish, use, or distribute site content protected by intellectual property law without INED’s prior written authorization. Requests for authorization must specify the content in question and the context of the planned usage (media, duration of use, audience, etc.). 


Please cite content and data as follows: Institut national d’études démographiques-INED (Year). Retrieved from: 

Please also consult the original source for more information on the use of the data and proper citation.

*For queries about the use or reproduction of content and data from the website, please contact: webmaster @ For queries on the reproduction of content from INED books, please contact edition @

Collection of personal data via the website

In accordance with personal data regulations, the user is informed that INED, as the data controller, processes personal data.

The information collected by INED is subject to computer processing, is declared to the French data protection agency (CNIL) in accordance with simplified standard no. 48, and is intended for the management of prospects and customers. In accordance with the French data protection law of 6 January 1978, any person may obtain a copy of their information, and has a right of amendment, removal, and objection concerning their data. You can exercise these rights in several ways: 

  • By sending an email to the following address: webmaster @
  • By sending an email to INED’s data protection officer at the following address: dpd @

To find out more about this processing of personal data and your rights, please refer to this page [under construction]

Access to INED’s administrative documents and use of public information

For all requests concerning access to INED’s administrative documents and the use of public information, including research data, please refer to this page.


Produced and hosted by:
Institut national d’études démographiques (INED)
9 cours des Humanités
CS 50004
93322 Aubervilliers Cedex
Tel : 0156062000

Director of Publications: Magda Tomasini

Editor in chief :  Xavier Thierry

Webmaster and web project manager: Geneviève Bourge

Writer : Sarah Féron

Design and production: INED

Graphic design and development: Opixido

Animation conception:"World population in graphs", "Migration worldwide", "World population maps", "The world population and me", "The family game", "Imagining tomorrow’s population" and "The world population", Gilles Pison

"All countries" Data : Arianna Caporali

"France" et "Europe and developped countries" data : Silvia Huix, Karine Sohler

Photos credits

The images and illustrations on this site are from a variety of different sources and image banks, specifically Fotolia, the Flickr network, and the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement.

Copyrights and image rights are indicated either in the caption below the photo or the online photo file IPTCs.

Copyrights noted © and Creative Commons licences CC.

Credits for the images and illustrations in the news items and scrolling menu sections may be found below:

About INED

  • Who we are?: © hary_cz -
  • Partnerships and strategy: ©INED
  • International policy: © Brent Hofacker -
  • Joining INED: ©INED
  • Top stories for specialists:  © atp
  • Scientific meetings:  © IUSSP
  • E-newsletter: © Brian Jackson -
  • Press centre: © Fontanis -


  • Research teams: CC Ashbeta
  • People: © Sergey Nivens -
  • Research porjects:  CC Ars Electronica
  • PhD Students:  © Street Art- Nemo
  • Post-docs:  © Street Art- Nemo
  • Surveys:  © Street Art- Mesnager

Resources, methods

  • Library portal: ©INED
  • Readings on specific topics: CC JR_Paris
  • Selected links: © INFINITY -
  • Statistical amalysis methods: ©INED
  • Survey methodology: ©INED

All about population

  • Data: ©INED
  • Graphs and maps: © Opixido
  • Population games: © Opixido
  • Demographic fact sheets: © Gina Sanders -
  • Vidéos: © only4denn -

"In our researchers’own words"
portrait photos done by Raphaël Debengy

On today’s homepage

Web carrousel n°1:

"Europe Day on May 9th": © Adobe Stock

Web carrousel n°2:

"In 2008-2009, 45% of 18 to 49-year-olds living in metropolitan France reported not belonging to any religion. What about in 2019-2020?": © INED

Web carrousel n°3:

"How does parental separation impact children’s living conditions and risk of poverty": © Adobe Stock

Web carrousel n°4:

"New study of human longevity"

Web carrousel n°5:

"End-of-life research studies": © Adobe Stock


"ERC projects"

Data - "Population, births, deaths": CC Pixabay

Multimedia - "Quiz-Can you rank countries": © INED

Video - "How do we count international migration in France?": © INED


Top stories/for specialist

"In the press this week" : ©INED

Links for more info