The world population
Average number of children per woman : Spain 1.30
Average number of children per woman : France 1.78

Call for applications

Applications open for the European Doctoral School of Demography (EDSD), 2024-2025

The EDSD training program, taught by internationally renowned researchers, offers selected applicants a unique opportunity to broaden and improve their knowledge and expertise in demography in a dynamic environment. Applications for 2024-2025 must be submitted by noon (12 pm), March 27, 2024.

More information

Balancing work and family life in France

INED is renewing its Familles et Employeurs survey (FamEmp) to investigate relations and balances between people’s work lives and family and personal lives in France and to analyse recent social changes and developments in this area. The first wave of data collection, involving 30,000 working respondents and 12,000 employers, is currently in progress.

More information



Compose different families for yourself by varying the factors that affect the number of children you have


Michel Guillot - projection