Is it true that deaths outnumber births in Europe?

No, there are more births than deaths in the 27 countries of the European Union as a whole (the surplus was 509,000 in 2009), but the number of births may fall in the future. The deficit will be offset by net migration. The population of Europe could remain more or less stable over 2060.

Looking ahead to 2060, there are two areas of uncertainty. Will current low levels of fertility persist (1.6 children per woman on average for the 27 countries of Europe as a whole), or will fertility start rising again? Will migration flows increase? We know for certain that without immigration, the population of Europe will inevitably decline.

To find out more :
Gilles Pison, "Population trends in the United States and Europe: similarities and differences", Population & Societies , 446, june 2008