Nancy Nzeyimana Cyizere

PHD candidate
nancy.nzeyimana-cyizere@ined.fr
Secretariat : Marie-Laure Trudel 33(0) 1 56 06 22 82

Research field(s)

Ongoing PhD dissertation (since October 2020): The matrix of black people's vulnerability to disease: the case of HIV/AIDS in Île-de-France and
Haute Garonne

Doctoral School Temps, Espaces, Sociétés, Cultures à l’Université Toulouse – Jean Jaurès

PhD supervisors

  • Stéphanie Mulot, HDR → Research Centre on Work Organizations and Policies (CERTOP) at the Université Toulouse – Jean Jaurès.

  • Virginie Rozée, HDR → Research Unit 14 : Sexual and reproductive Health and Rights (UR14) at the Institut national d’études démographiques.


  • Abstract
    The Covid 19 health crisis has highlighted a lack of methodological tools to characterize health inequities in France comprehensively. Indeed, people
    born in so-called "sub-Saharan" or "non-Maghreb" Africa suffered glaring excess mortality rates across the territory, while the figures for European
    immigrants were equivalent to the average for people born in France. At the same time, significant disparities were observed among the native population
    according to the department of residence, Seine-St-Denis being the most affected.
    Similarly, this differential vulnerability to disease of some black populations has been identified for HIV and AIDS for several decades. These over-
    incidences cannot only be reduced to an importation from the Global South, recent research having underlined the significant proportion of HIV
    infections among immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa occurring during their processes of arrival and settlement in France, marked by legal, economic and
    residential insecurity. It is therefore relevant to consider the existence of factors of disadvantage in health that transcend the usual categories of
    analysis.
    Through a qualitative investigation, we seek to denaturalize and materialize the proximity to HIV of a minority historically associated with the AIDS
    syndemic: black people in France. From a sociological perspective, we regard black people as a social group, a serial structure of positions of
    inferiority. We thus describe the micro-, meso-, and macrosocial fabric of racial minoritization in an intersectional manner, as a historical and
    political construct structuring social relations with manifest consequences on the material conditions of existence, overexposure to risks and access to
    health care.

    Methods
  • semi-structured interviews;

  • direct field observations;

  • literature review.


  • Key words
    intersectional inequalities in health; racial minoritization; sexual and reproductive health;
    HIV and AIDS ; France (Hexagon).