Work and family: questions and data

This project is about the articulation between family and working life. It is divided into two axes: the Families and Employers Longitudinal Survey project (FamEmp) and the Telework, Gender Inequalities and Well-being in the Covid-19 Epidemic project (Telegenre). The new FamEmp longitudinal survey aims to measure the evolution since the early 2000s of the prevalence of work-life conflict and to understand the articulation strategies adopted by women and men. The survey will make it possible to assess the effect of the conditions of articulation on careers, family trajectories, well-being and health. It also aims to establish their impact on social and gender inequalities in the labour market and in the domestic sphere. Particular attention will be paid to situations of social vulnerability (precarious employment, single-parent families) and to new forms of employment and work (teleworking, self-employment, nomadic work). The survey will also make it possible to assess the role played by changes in company policies (professional equality policies) and public policies (e.g. extension of paternity leave, leave to care for relatives). Finally, it will make it possible to identify the factors likely to reduce or increase the tensions between the two spheres, whether in terms of employment and working conditions, family configurations, or the constraints imposed by the disability or loss of autonomy of a child, spouse or parent. The second project focus on telework, that has experienced an unprecedented boom during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. It has had a protective effect on health and has enabled the people concerned to maintain their jobs, but the specific context of its implementation may have exacerbated the potentially negative effects of telework on well-being identified in the literature, particularly for women due to the unequal distribution of domestic and parental responsibilities. Our hypothesis is that this form of work organisation, a priori gender neutral, has differentiated effects on men and women. We also postulate heterogeneity of effects according to family situation and mode of teleworking. The objective of this project is to understand the effect of telework on gender inequalities in work performance, family organisations, well-being and mental health. It is based on the analysis of two large representative general population surveys, "Epidemiology and Living Conditions" (EpiCoV) and "Survey on the experience of work and unemployment during the health crisis" (Tracov).