Birth, Fertility Contraception

Below you can access all the contents of the INED site on this topic, in all formats and from the least to the most specialised: multimedia content, publications, research projects, research mini-sites, selected links and others.

  • Memo

    When do girls start to menstruate ?

    In France, first menstruation or "menarche" occurs at around age 13. According to a survey conducted in 1994, half of all girls had already started menstruating at age 13. Most girls (9 out of 10) have their first period between ages 11 and 14.

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  • Memo

    The fall of fecundity with age

    In the last 30 years, the average age at which women have their first child has been rising regularly in France, as in most European countries.

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  • Memo

    What would be the level of fertility in France if there were no immigrants?

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  • Video John Casterline’ Interview

    John Casterline’ Interview

    J. Casterline conducts research on fertility transition and reproductive behavior in low- and mid-income societies. Date:05/11/2017 Duration:11’17"

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  • Figures

    Births, deaths, migrations

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