Focus on

INED’s “Focus” pages provide essential, up-to-date information on specific scientific topics. These summaries “focus” on the latest research results, recent publications, surveys in progress and new Institute resources.

Malthus’ Essay: The principle and the controversy

The Essay on the Principle of Population was published anonymously in London in 1798. In it—and in reaction to the philosopher William Godwin’s ideas—Malthus presented his celebrated law: the population always grows faster than “the means of subsistence”, the food supply. Specifically, he asserted that the population grew geometrically while food production increased arithmetically—a thesis that, if accurate, would undermine the very possibility of progress.

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Prevalence of breastfeeding in French maternity clinics

A new phase of the survey was launched on October 21, 2014, as ELFE cohort children reached age 3 and a half. It aims to collect more detailed information on early childhood, either by telephone or, for the first time, interviews in respondents’ homes. The success of this new phase will depend on the investment of the participating families and their conviction of the importance of this research, which will be pursued until their child turns 20. Conducted by INED and INSERM in partnership with the EFS, this study will comprise several stages, from data collection to researchers’ publication of their results.

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“Gender: history, inequalities”: a set of book reviews published in Population, 2016-3 and 2016-4

Defined as “a hierarchically ordered bi-categorization of the sexes (men/women) and the values and representations associated with them (masculine/feminine)” (Bereni et al. 2012), gender is an increasingly high-profile subject in today’s academic world as well as in the media, politics, civil society and community organizations. In this context, it seemed to us that assembling a set of reviews of books on the subject was a good way of illustrating the current state of research on it.

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VIRAGE survey

In 2009, the taskforce for assessing French national policy for preventing and combating violence against women (Mission d’Evaluation de la Politique de Prévention et de Lutte contre les Violences faites aux Femmes), a body working under the aegis of/a commission of France’s National Assembly, recommended conducting a new survey on violence against women that would modelled be on the national survey on the same issue done in 2000 by the demographic institute of the Université Paris I (ENVEFF)

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Malthus’ Essay: The principle and the controversy

The Essay on the Principle of Population was published anonymously in London in 1798. In it—and in reaction to the philosopher William Godwin’s ideas—Malthus presented his celebrated law: the population always grows faster than “the means of subsistence”, the food supply. Specifically, he asserted that the population grew geometrically while food production increased arithmetically—a thesis that, if accurate, would undermine the very possibility of progress.

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A German community in Brazil from the 19th until the 20th century

Combining demographic analysis with family history can lead to a better understanding of the set of social relationships that develop in communities. Drawing on the resources of historical demography, Alain Bideau and Sergio Odilon Nadalin, authors of Une communauté allemande au Brésil: De l’immigration aux contacts culturels, XIXè-XX siècle [A German community in Brazil: from immigration to cultural contact, 19th-20th century] present and analyse the unfolding of a particular process of integration and immigration.

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Environmental migrations: a certainty in the future?

Selon un discours fréquent, des migrations de plus en plus nombreuses résulteront dans l’avenir des changements environnementaux induits par le réchauffement climatique. La montée du niveau des océans ainsi que des catastrophes naturelles plus fréquentes et aux conséquences plus lourdes devraient contraindre un nombre croissant de personnes à fuir leur lieu d’habitation : il y aurait donc un lien quasi-mécanique entre changement climatique et migrations.

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