Recent demographic developments in France (2014)

Nearly 200,000 individuals were granted residence permits in 2014. This is a slight increase, but remains low, at 0.3% of the population. Half of permits were issued to women; the majority of recipients were young adults, with students representing a quarter of all recipients.

There were fewer births in 2015 and the total fertility rate decreased. This decrease is observed mainly among women aged below 35. The fertility of women aged 35 and above increased but more slowly than in the previous years.

The number of induced abortions fell in 2014 and 2015. The characteristics of abortions are very similar for all abortion orders.

The number of divorces continues to decrease, and the total divorce rate, which increased steadily until 2011, has been falling since 2012. Fewer divorces involve minor children.

There were an estimated 600,000 deaths in the whole of France in 2015, including 587,000 in metropolitan France (representing a crude mortality rate of 9.1 per 1,000) – an increase of nearly 40,000 with respect to 2014. Life expectancy at birth in 2015 was 79 years for men and 85.1 years for women for the whole of France, a decrease of 0.3 years for men and 0.4 years for women with respect to 2014.

Population pyramid on 1 January 2016

On 1 January 2016, France had 66.6 million inhabitants. As in the preceding years, the largest contributor to population growth was the surplus of births over deaths, despite a decrease  in the birth  rate and an increase  in mortality. The rate of natural increase remained positive, but decreased significantly. The French population is ageing, and the proportion of persons under age 20 is now smaller than the population aged 60 or older.

Source : Magali Mazuy, Magali Barbieri, Didier Breton, Hippolyte d’Albis, "Recent Demographic Developments in France: A Decline in Fertility, an Increase in Mortality", Population 2016, n°3.

Contact: Magali Mazuy, Magali Barbieri, Didier Breton, Hippolyte d’Albis

On line: December 2016.