France: the highest fertility in Europe

Population and Societies

575, March 2020

Fertility remained stable in France between 2018 and 2019, after having fallen from 2.02 children per woman in 2010 to 1.84 in 2018. Have similar fluctuations occurred elsewhere? Repositioning France’s fertility level and trends among those observed in neighbouring countries, Gilles Pison describes the uniqueness of the French situation in Europe and in the world.

Fertility is generally high in Northern Europe and low in the South. In the former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe, it plummeted after the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989 but has quickly risen over the last few years.

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